“Internal clearance” is the space between the impeller and the turbine in an assembled torque converter (Figure 1).
Hydraulically, it is the distance that the oil travels from where it exits the vanes of the impeller to where it enters the vanes of the turbine. Some rebuilders use the term “internal clearance” incorrectly. They use it to refer to the clearance between the internally stacked components of the converter. The correct term for the clearance between the stacked components is “end play.”