Do you recall that feeling you get when you first figure out that the transmission on your bench has been worked on before? The signs could be obvious, like a painted case, but other times it’s not until you start tearing it down that you see clues that someone has been there before you. For me it is always a bit of a disappointment, because I know I have to watch carefully for changes that someone else made that could affect the transmission when I’m finished with it.
Capillary action is defined as the movement of a liquid within the spaces of a porous material due to the forces of adhesion, cohesion and surface tension. A simple example would be dipping a paper towel into a glass of water and watching it climb up the towel. If the towel is long enough, eventually the force of gravity will be too great for the water to overcome.
Housed inside the six-speed direct-shift gearbox (DSG) is a Mechatronics assembly consisting of a control module, valve body and solenoids (see figures 1 and 2). It is the control center that shifts this manual gearbox automatically by turning on and off two separate clutch drums called the K1 and K2 clutches.
In Allison 1000/2000 units, a sticking transmission-pressure-switch assembly can cause complaints of erratic shifting, a shift to the wrong gear and limp mode with the malfunction indicator lamp illuminated.
The forward-clutch drum in a 4R75E is susceptible to cracking in the area of the snap-ring groove, lead-ing to excessive slip in all forward ranges.
When I first started in business I received two kinds of advice from people who seemed to genuinely want to help me succeed; there was the good and the not-so-good. Some of the good advice was on how to handle the money I would take in from doing sales. This may sound like a strange topic to discuss, one that we all should somehow have been born knowing, but we weren’t. Even the most experienced of shop owners can make costly mistakes when it comes to handling their money.
The first step to any diagnostic solution is to understand the theory of operation of the components involved in the problem and how they relate to each other. What is involved in making a shift with a manual transmission? The clutch set and related components (hydraulics, pilot bearing, release bearing, motor and body mounts etc.) and the transmission internal components and shift mechanism.
Last month we reviewed the results of chassis dyno testing done by Sean Boyle’s students in the automatic-transmission class at Southern Illinois University. Four modified torque converters were evaluated. The testing was done on an MD-250 Mustang Chassis Dyno, and the test vehicle was a stock 2000 Dodge Durango RT equipped with a 5.9-liter gas engine and a 46RE transmission.